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New article testing theories of spatial and segmented assimilation

The International Migration Review has published an article entitled “Spatial Incorporation of Multiple Immigrant Groups in Gateway Cities: Comparative Analysis of Sydney, Barcelona, and Prague” by Jiří Hasman and Ivana Křížková, which tests the theories of spatial and segmented assimilation through a comparative analysis of three different immigration cities. The paper is based on a detailed investigation of the spatial distribution of all major migration groups in these cities, using modern quantitative methods such as spatial autocorrelation or spatial relatedness assessment of migration groups. The results of the analyses showed that when assessing the spatial incorporation of immigrants, it is necessary to take into account not only the specificities of individual migration groups and destination cities, but also their interaction.
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New article on ethnic residential segregation in Czechia (Central European cities)

Martin Šimon, Ivana Křížková and Adam Klsák have published a new article in the journal Central and Eastern European Migration Review. The article is titled New urban diversity at and after the economic downturn: recent trajectories of ethnic segregation in Central European cities. The authors focus on ethnic residential segregation in Czechia in the period after the economic crisis of 2008. Special attention is paid to the trajectories of individual cities and their position in the urban hierarchy. Longitudinal population register data are used and segregation indicators of unevenness and exposure are computed for the largest cities using a detailed spatial grid. The results show a broad picture of decreasing segregation despite the continuously growing number of immigrants in the country. While the economic crisis temporarily halted immigration, the spatial patterns of immigrant dissimilarity did not change and more-established immigration gateway cities experienced an increase in spatial isolation. In the conclusion, the article calls for further discussion on ethnic residential segregation in post-socialist cities.
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New chapter on the impact of social frontiers on crime rates

A new book in full open access has just been published. It is entitled Urban Inequality and Segregation in Europe and China: Towards a New Dialogue and it was edited by Gwilym Pryce, Ya Ping Wang, Yu Chen, Jingjing Shan and Houkai Wei. The book brings together leading international researchers from Europe, USA and China- It offers fresh ideas, cutting edge methods and analysis through comparative studies. Moreover, it provides readers with access to self-study training materials and data. Most importantly, there is a chapter written by our team member Ivana Křížková and Meng Le Zhang, Dan Olner, Gwilym Pryce entitled Social Frontiers: Estimating the Spatial Boundaries Between Residential Groups and Their Impacts on Crime.

What is the chapter about?

This chapter highlights the importance of social frontiers—sharp spatial divisions in the residential make-up of adjacent communities—as a potentially important form of segregation. The handful of studies estimating the impacts of social frontiers have been based in the USA and the UK, both of which are free-market democracies with a long history of immigration, ethnic mix and segregation. There are currently no studies of social frontiers in former socialist countries, for example, or in countries where immigration and ethnic mix are only a recent phenomenon or non-existent. This chapter aims to address this research gap by estimating the impacts of social frontiers on crime rates in a post-socialist country, Czechia. We demonstrate how a Bayesian spatial conditional autoregressive estimation can be used to detect social frontiers in this setting, and we use a fixed effect quasi-Poisson model to investigate the impact on crime. Our results suggest that in new immigration destinations, social frontiers may not be associated with higher rates of crime, at least in the short run. Moreover, our use of cultural distance measures helps to promote a more nuanced approach to studying the impact of segregation and highlights the role of cultural diversity in understanding the link between immigrant segregation and crime. We reflect on how this approach could contribute to the study of segregation and inequality in the Chinese context.
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New article focusing on future residential mobility and strategies for later-life suburban households

In the last few days, an article was published in an impact journal Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography entitled Retiring in the suburbs? Residential strategies in two Prague suburbs. The authors are Nina Dvořáková and Marie Horňáková. In an attempt to analyse future residential mobility and strategies for later-life suburban households in Czechia, they conducted a questionnaire survey in two suburban municipalities (n = 177). Respondents were aware that as they aged, their current residences and residential environments were likely to become less suitable. Nevertheless, most of our respondents were “stayers” and employed various assimilative coping strategies to adapt their homes, rather than moving or leaving the suburbs.
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We went on a teambuilding!

In October, after a long time, we went on a teambuilding trip together as a team. We walked through the beautiful countryside (Protected Landscape Area Bohemian Karst) from Serbia (located in the Central Bohemian region) to Beroun and recharged our energy. Hopefully, the situation will allow it and we will be able to go somewhere next year! More photos here. teambuilding srbsko-beroun 2021
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New article focusing on residential mobility of young families

In the last few days, an article was published in an impact journal Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift – Norwegian Journal of Geography entitled  “From suburbanization to reurbanization? Changing residential mobility flows of families with young children in the Prague Metropolitan Area”. The authors are Marie Horňáková and Jan Sýkora. The aim of the article is to examine changes in the residential mobility patterns of families with young children living in and moving between different residential zones in the Prague Metropolitan Area. Migration data relating to individuals are used to examine spatial and temporal shifts in mobility flows. Even though suburbs are still the main destination for families with young children, the authors identified a certain degree of diversification in residential behaviour. They conclude that this finding points to the emergence of reurbanization tendencies towards the housing estates and intensifying mobility within residential zones with housing that is similar in appearance.
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NAKI Project: New specialised maps are ready

The NAKI project focusing on Prague suburbs continues successfully! In September, the 3rd and 4th set of specialised maps were completed and published, dealing with the growth of selected neighbourhoods in the socialist period (Strašnice, Kobylisy, Hlubočepy, Jižní Město, Černý Most, Modřany) and the growth of suburbs in the transformation period (Jesenice, Dobřichovice, Dolní Břežany, Hostivice).

All maps together with analytical texts are available here.

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RC21 Conference and Serbian Congress of Geographers

Adela Petrovic and Greta Kukeli have presented their preliminary research findings at two international conferences, RC21 Conference on Sensing the City (Antwerp, BE) and 5th Serbian Congress of Geographers (Novi Sad, RS). The title of their presentation is “From a former industrial neighbourhood to a creative class oasis: A case study of Karlín, the inner-city neighbourhood of Prague“. The research deals with urban transformation processes taking place in Karlín, such as gentrification, internationalisation, regeneration and hipsterfication. The goal of the study is to (i) identify the physical, social and cultural changes in Karlín, (ii) understand how Karlín is perceived by the general public and its frequent users, and (iii) find out how Karlín is used by young international employees.
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50th Annual Conference of the Czech Demographic Society

The 50th Annual Conference of the Czech Demographic Society took place from 15 to 17 September 2021. The conference took place in Ostrava at the University of Ostrava. The papers were divided into several sections: Pension Reform – Reproductive Ageing – Economics of Healthy Ageing – Current Demographic Research. There was also a poster session, with three posters from members of our team!
  1. Ivana Křížková, Adam Klsák, Martin Šimon: Migration and residential mobility of foreign citizens in Prague and the Central Bohemian Region.
  2. Martin Šimon, Ivana Křížková, Adam Klsák: Residential segregation in Prague and Central Bohemian Region 2012–2018: a multiscalar approach using individualized neighbourhoods.
  3. Adam Klsák, Ivana Křížková: Spatial Patterns of the Foreign Population in Prague and the Central Bohemian Region: The State 10 Years after the Financial Crisis.
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European Network for Housing Research Conference

At the turn of August and September 2021, another international conference organised by the European Network for Housing Research took place, this time with the subtitle Unsettled Settlements: Housing in Unstable Contexts. Members of our team presented their papers at the conference! Two papers were presented within the working group “Disadvantaged Urban Neighborhoods and Communities”. Kadi Kalm presented the paper “Various housing estates’ trajectories in post-socialist cities: does the socialist legacy still matter?”, which she is currently working on together with her colleagues Petra Špačková, Jan Sýkora and Ondřej Špaček.  Jan Sýkora and Marie Horňáková presented the paper “‘It is natural’: life course as a key element of long-term residents’ place attachment in a gentrifying Prague neighbourhood”, on which they worked together with Kirsten Visser and Gideon Bolt from the University Utrecht. 

URRlab


Urban and Regional Laboratory

Department of Social Geography
& Regional Development

Charles University in Prague
Faculty of Science

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128 43 Praha 2 - Nové Město

Contact person
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jiri.nemeskal@natur.cuni.cz
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